Blueberry is the common name for flowering plants in the genus Vaccinium of the family Ericaceae.
Blueberry species are native only to North America. They are shrubs varying in size from low-growing plants to large shrubs, four to five meters in height. The leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen. The flowers are bell-shaped; white, pale pink or red, sometimes tinged greenish.
The blueberry fruits are round and contain many tiny seeds. The fruits, which are often clustered, are pale greenish at first, then reddish-purple, and finally indigo on ripening. They have a sweet taste when mature with variable acidity.
These tiny, round blue-purple berries have long been attributed to the longevity and wellness of indigenous people living around subarctic regions in the Northern hemisphere.
Blueberry fruits are in the top 10 of super foods list.
Studies claim Major Health Benefits:
1- Cancer Fighters
Studies claims Blueberries are full of cancer fighting antioxidants. They have been found to be especially helpful in combatting colon, liver and ovarian cancer.
Blueberry fruits contain Vitamins C, copper and phenolic compounds which make-up the antioxidant battle team that help inhibit cancer cells from progressing.
Furthermore, anthocyanins give the blueberry fruit its blue pigmentation. These pigments are a rich source of antioxidants.
2- Promote Healthy Heart
Antioxidants in the blueberry fruit help dissolve the bad cholesterol level flowing in the blood. The reduction of cholesterol levels will avoid the build-up of plaque in the arteries, which can narrow blood flow.
3- Brain Boosters
More than a couple studies show that blueberries improve brain function and may combat the start and/or progression of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Blueberries are a healthy addition for boosting your brain function. The nutrients in blueberries include selenium, potassium, copper, zinc, manganese, anthocyanin, and vitamins A, C, E and B complex.
4- Promote Healthy Vision
Age related vision problems like cataracts, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy could be prevented with regular servings of blueberries. The various vitamins, minerals and lutein found in blueberries are known to help maintain ocular health, reduce vision loss and promote a healthy retina.
5- Reduce Abdominal Fat
Blueberry fruits were shown to have the highest levels of antioxidants among most foods. These high levels were proven, in some studies, to reduce abdominal fat.